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Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2 vowels can be formed?

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Question:

Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2 vowels can be formed?

A.  25200               B. 21300

C.  24400               D. 210

Answer:

3 consonants can be selected from 7 consonants in ​\( ^7C_3 \)​ ways.

2 vowels can be selected from 4 vowels in ​\( ^4C_2 \)​ ways.

\( \therefore \)​ by multiplication principle, 

the number of selecting 3 consonants and 2 vowels is

\( =^7C_3 \times ^4C_2 \)​ 

\( =\frac{7!}{3!4!} \times \frac{4!}{2!2!} \)

\( =\frac{7.6.5}{3.2.1} \times \frac{4.3}{2.1} \)

\( =35 \times 6 \)

\( =210 \)

Now, the number of ways of arranging 5 letters among themselves 

\( =5! \)

=120 

\( \therefore \)​ the total number of words of 3 consonants and 2 vowels

\( =210 \times 120 \)

\( =25200 \)

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